An Overview to India’s first Space Law draft: Space Activities Bill, 2017

India’s very first Area Regulation, Draft Area Routines Invoice, 2017, has been unveiled past calendar year. The new Invoice is envisioned to permit the two community and personal players to participate in India’s Area Programme. It will permit the personal players to develop satellites, rockets, and area cars for the two domestic and global use. Primarily, the new Invoice will boost and control the area routines in India. It is a proposed Invoice to boost and control the area routines of India. The new Invoice encourages the participation of non-governmental/personal sector organizations in area routines in India under the guidance and authorisation of the governing administration by means of the Division of Area.

In accordance to the draft, as handful of start out-up organizations in India have revealed interest in area systems routines and as area routines have to have participation from personal sector organizations, “there is an urgent have to have for a legal environment for orderly overall performance and expansion of area sector.”

Why there is a have to have for a Area Act in India?

  • India hitherto was not in the record of the nations getting their possess area legislation. Individuals nations engaged in area routines these kinds of as the United states of america, Russia, Ukraine, Republic of Korea, South Africa, United Kingdom, Indonesia, Austria, and so on. have arrive up with their possess domestic area legislations. Other nations like China and Japan are in the approach of formulating their possess domestic Area Act. Consequently India felt the have to have of getting its possess area legislation.
  • Also till now ISRO was the sole player in the area sector, which employed to control and regulate this sector. So the have to have for a different laws governing the area routines was not felt. But now the circumstance has transformed with the entry of lots of Indian and foreign organizations. In India, all around 20-odd startups have started to functionality in this sector. So it is now important to arrive up with a regulatory system and laws to govern their area routines.
  • India is a celebration to many UN treaties on outer area routines. As a result, India’s area routines should be in accordance with the obligations of UN Treaties on Outer Area routines. Indian structure, by means of Posts 51 and 253, also phone calls for fostering respect and the implementation of worldwide treaty obligations.
  • Hitherto, ISRO’s routines were governed by: Satellite Communication Policy, 2000, Distant Sensing Facts Policy, 2011, and India’s worldwide treaty obligations on outer area routines as mandated by the UN Committee on Peaceful Utilizes of Outer Area (UNCOPUOS).


Salient characteristics of the Invoice

  • The provisions of this Act shall utilize to each citizen of India and to all sectors engaged in any area exercise in India or outside India
  • A non-transferable licence shall be supplied by the Central Governing administration to any human being carrying out business area exercise
  • The governing administration will sustain a sign up of all area objects, indicating thus (any object released or intended to be released all around the earth) and develop much more area exercise strategies for the place.
  • The Central Governing administration will formulate the suitable system for licencing, eligibility requirements, and costs for licence.
  • It will give skilled and complex aid for business area exercise and control the strategies for conduct and operation of area exercise.
  • It will be certain protection necessities and supervise the conduct of each area exercise of India and look into any incident or incident in relationship with the operation of a area exercise.
  • It will share details about the pricing of solutions created by area exercise and know-how with any human being or any company in a recommended manner.
  • If any human being undertakes any business area exercise without having authorisation they shall be punished with imprisonment up to 3 several years or fined much more than ₹1 crore or the two.
  • The Invoice has provisions for sharing of details about the pricing of solutions created by area exercise & know-how with any human being/company in a recommended manner.
  • As significantly as legal responsibility is worried then a licensee should compensate the central governing administration from statements brought from the governing administration. This would be about damages arising out of business area routines included under the license.
  • The draft Invoice gives for penalties in circumstance of unauthorised commercial area exercise furnishing false information or files causing environmental harm entry into prohibited places disclosure of limited details
  • Protection of action taken by the central governing administration i.e. no legal proceedings can lie from the central governing administration with respect to nearly anything performed in excellent faith in pursuance of area exercise.
  • Mental property rights designed all through the class of area exercise will be secured under the legislation. Even further, any mental property proper designed onboard a area object in outer area will be considered to be the property of the central governing administration.


The new Invoice clearly defines area players, licences, violations, objects, men and women and geography. It is also proposed to define in-depth distinct tips in session with stakeholders and field bodies. Also, the Invoice presents self esteem to the personal players to just take danger and invest in area routines in India. This would make India as a business hub for area routines and produce work opportunities in the place.

However industry experts have criticized the new Invoice as it lacks clarity on use of area objects.

2nd, the draft Invoice presents arbitrary ability to the governing administration to command and watch research routines. Aldo there is ambiguity on a regulator for penal provisions. This desires scrutiny as it could scare away worldwide traders. Due to the fact area sector needs large investments some of these provisions have to have a in-depth scrutiny. 3rd, the draft Invoice has kept the governing administration out of any legal responsibility arising out of harm prompted by the business routines by the personal players in area. In the nutshell the Act desires to look at breaking down the routines inside of the area and area-based ground routines to body obvious legislation for the conduct of company, worldwide obligations, countrywide protection problems, safety of IP.

Author:  Apoorva Priyadarshini, University student Editor- Authorized Need